Monday, 13 March 2017

An Enlightened Approach to Deliberative Democracy - Part Eight

Rhetoric is the art of persuasion.  Science is the art of locating, measuring and connecting facts.  Most rhetoric is not scientific.

As many politicians do not appear to write their own speeches and documents, are they merely actors playing a part?  Are they little more than puppets? 

Who believes that politicians are paid to be sales people rather than visionaries? 

Who believes politicians tend to act as mouthpieces for lobbyists?

An enlightened approach to deliberative democracy requires an understand of manipulative techniques of persuasion, not to use them but to counteract their influence. Much can be discovered on the topic through the writings of Aristotle.

History indicates that people are easily persuaded when the presenter of the point of view has charisma.  This can cause the hearers to act rashly.  People with charisma become famous for attracting attention to what they do.  It is why they are well paid when selling things, such as tickets.

In many political debates, deliberative rhetoric is used.  It is meant to persuade people for or against a particular course of action by looking to history for relevant examples.

Aristotle wrote about the Art of Rhetoric while Plato thought rhetoric to be immoral.  Do you think Plato was right?

Rhetoric is not about having the correct answer to a problem.  It is about persuading people to act in a particular way, even though doing so may cause even more problems than it solves.

There are many rhetorical devices.  In many cases, they can be usefully applied to encourage an imaginative exploration of issues.  Through that process, the devices are used for opening minds to different ways of viewing a situation.

The purpose is not to persuade people to agree to a point of view but to say to themselves: "I never thought about it that way before".

Being aware of various modes of persuasion helps people to realise why they agree or disagree with a point of view.

When are you persuaded by charismatic authority to act in a particular way, and why?

When are you persuaded by legal or rational authority, and why?

When are you persuaded by traditional authority, and why?

What are your experiences of authentic leadership, in theory and practice, and in fact and fiction?

Here in Villa Twaklinilkawt, the emphasis is on a shared form of ethical leadership.  It is through that shared leadership that consensus decision-making can be meaningfully and peacefully implemented.

What is your ethical framework for making decisions?  How does your ethical stance compare with the ethics of Aristotle and other thinkers?

How do you think about the need for reform and the necessity for transformational leadership?

What are the circumstances in which you are willing to express servant leadership?

Thinking about the discourse of any subject, whether the topic is leadership or rhetoric or both or neither, language itself has a tendency to be political.

How do you identify loaded language and its dangers?

How do you identify a loaded question?

How do you think about yourself and your opinions in relation to discourse communities?

What are the characteristics of your lexicon?

How do you believe computer-mediated communication can assist an enlightened approach to deliberative democracy?

Most people are unlikely to have the time or inclination to participate extensively in deliberative processes.  Even participants may be concerned about the public expense whenever governments are involved.

Digital approaches can simplify matters and keep costs low.  They can easily exclude career politicians, populists and belligerently argumentative individuals.

Unlike the low quality commentary in the mass media, an enlightened approach to deliberative democracy is not only effectively moderated, it educated the participants and trains them in the art of reasonably inclusive, fact-focused, open-minded, non-antagonistic debating.

Although there is much wisdom to be found in the philosophical traditions of many cultures, they mostly relate to matters outside the realm of modern, deliberative politics.

How do you find enlightened peace through enlightened democracy?

How are you contributing to a better relationship between enlightened democracy and the news media?

As you may be aware, there are now bookings required for many of the educational, training and research possibilities within Villa Twaklinilkawt, as well as for the activities exclusively for registered patrons.

Are you on a journey towards Twaklinhood?

What do you understand by enlightened democracy revisited?

What do you consider to be the features of a completely organic and democratic event?

How do you believe an enlightened approach to deliberative democracy will reflect enlightened prosperity?

How will an enlightened approach to deliberative democracy help in counteracting unenlightened views?

How are you currently part of an enlightened culture?

How are you putting enlightenment first?

How are you currently providing gentle warnings?

How are you ensuring the gatekeepers are reasonable?

How are you maintaining democracy sufficiently?

How are you preventing the distortion of democracy?

Are you doing so without manipulative rhetoric?

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